It is the fruit of the vine. It is grown on stumps and vines. It is eaten both dried and fresh. Vinegar, molasses, must and wine are made from its water. It is also used in making alcohol. Many drinks other than wine are also made from grapes.
Homeland of Grape
Although it is not known exactly where is the homeland of grapes is thought to be based on the research of the European grapevine motherland Turkey. Although it is not based on a historical fact, there are rumors that the first people first found the vine in the northeast of Anatolia. According to a legend of the Israelites, Prophet Noah, while grazing his goats one day, saw that a goat ate the grapes of the wild vine in that area and then got drunk and started to grow this plant. According to another legend, Prophet Noah watered the seedling he planted with lion blood to strengthen the ideas of those who drink the juice of the fruit. Hz. It is said that Noah watered the wild nature of the water.
BC, when the first civilization began in Anatolia. The 40th century is also considered as the beginning for viticulture. Because the Hittites were engaged in viticulture and even knew how to make wine from grapes.
On the other hand, viniculture was very advanced in Romans and Byzantines. During the Ottoman period, grape varieties, which were mostly reserved for wine production, were eaten as fruit or used in the production of must and molasses, as the drink was prohibited.
Grapes in Turkey
In every region of our country, the same amount and the same quality of grapes are not grown. The grapes are grown in Turkey obtained mainly for the following purposes:
1 – Table grapes
2 – Grapes for grape molasses
3 – Wine grapes
4 – Dried grapes, grapes, especially dried grapes, occupy an important place in our exports.
In the Black Sea Region, grapes are mostly grown in Safranbolu and Tosya. Vines are generally wrapped around trees. In this section, varieties such as sergeant, hafızali, winterberry are mostly grown.
Grapes grown in Thrace – Marmara Region are for table and wine. Sergeant, miller land, hardship, razakı varieties come first. Most of the grapes obtained are used in winemaking.
The Aegean Region is the region that grows the most and best grapes of our country. The leading domestic table breeds are Aydınkarası, seedless, razakı and rabbit-bearing types. Hamburg musk is one of the leading foreign table grapes. Types such as seedless, aşikara, razakı and Delikara are also used for drying. Among the wine grapes of the region, there are varieties such as seedless, bornova musk and calcareous by gentlemen.
Although table, dried, wine and molasses grape varieties are grown in the Central Anatolia Region, the skins of table grapes are thicker. The grapes of this region are very sweet. Among the table varieties grown are alms, amasya, avukçu, balbal, razakı, slap, etc. comes first. Among the dried grapes, especially dirmit, razakı, exhibition has an important place. Among the wine varieties, forkkara, hasandede, kalecik, etc. countable.
South Eastern Anatolia Region of Turkey grape vines provide the early- market. Adana-black, seedless, razakı, deciduous, marbles are the main ones.
Grape growing is very advanced in the Southeastern Anatolia Region. Especially in the Gaziantep Region, there are many vineyards. Among the grapes grown are net, besni, sergeant, dımışkı, cocksucking, cilantro, marzvat, bamboo, etc. takes an important place. Since Gaziantep poured grape is a kind of molasses made after it is dried, its dried form is called “helvacı”.
Although the climate in the Eastern Anatolia Region is not suitable for viticulture, good grape grape is obtained in Erzincan, Ardahan and Iğdır.