Pumpkin; It is a herbaceous plant whose fruits are eaten as a vegetable. It is an “annual” plant, meaning it is produced all over again every year. Pumpkin is very grown in our country. Its body and leaves are covered with hard hairs. The trunk either crawls on the ground or climbs by holding on to leeches. It blooms with large, yellow flowers. There are male flowers on the main stem and female flowers on the side branches.
The fruit of the pumpkin is the part that is eaten. A gap occurs in the middle of the ripening fruit. In this space there are cores that are attached to each other by fibers.
There are many varieties of squash. The main ones are:
Zucchini is a white flesh, popular pumpkin. 20 – 30 cm. is up to long. Black-shelled ones are called “Cretan squash”.
Pumpkin is the type of courgette. 6 – 8 cm. in diameter, 70 – 80 cm. long white zucchini .. It is cooked.
It is a large, hard, thick-skinned squash variety. It is resistant to the severe cold of winter. He is red-handed. It is used to make dessert. It is also given to cows as feed.
Chestnut squash A large-type squash with a hard shell. When cooked, the shells soften and peel like a membrane. Sugar and starchy substances are abundant in the red meat part. Food and dessert are made.
Pumpkin is a genus of chestnut squash. Its flesh is yellow. There are also those that come in 40-50 kilograms.
The gourd is used as a container by carving the inside. Small ones have bowl, big ones have molasses, oil, honey, etc. The container is made to put it. Their skin is hard and fibrous.
In general, squash is a plant that does not like severe cold and heat. It grows in sandy, clayey, deep, cool soils. Fertilizing the place where the pumpkin is planted with rotten manure works well. It wants to hoe after the seeds are planted and water a lot after the fruits start to emerge. Pumpkin grows to 40 cm after its seeds germinate. It is planted in pans with intervals. Out-of-season squash is obtained from those planted in February and March, while those planted in April give their fruits in summer.
Benefits of Pumpkin
There are some or a large amount of sugary substances in pumpkins, depending on their type. In this regard, pumpkin has a very important place among foods. The seeds are also roasted and eaten as entertainment.
The most useful ones in medicine are the seeds of halvah squash. There is a substance called “pioresin” in the green part under the hard shell of these beans. Due to this substance, pumpkin seed is used as a medicine to lower the intestinal strips called «tapeworm sajinata». «Pioresin» can also lower other intestinal worms. It is given to everyone, especially children, it has no toxic or harmful effects. 40 gr for children, 100 gr for adults. Pumpkin seeds help reduce tapeworm easily. The kernel is pounded in a mortar and mixed with a substance such as sugar, syrup and honey and fed to the patient. It can fall off quickly after a few days.
Cucurbitaceae: It is a plant family of dicots in the world of plants. In this family whose sample plant is pumpkin, watermelon, melon, cucumber etc. such plants are found. All of them have broad leaves. They are reptile and huggable plants.