Tomato; It is a herbaceous, one-year vegetable plant from the nightshade family of the dicots class. It is known to appear for the first time in South America. After the discovery of America, Spain, Portugal spread around the world. It likes warm and hot humid climates. The Mediterranean and the tropics can be cultivated all year round. It grows everywhere except the high places in Turkey. It is 50-200 cm tall with a very branched, hairy body and green hairy piece. Trunk and leaves have a special scent. The flowers are hermaphrodite, yellow, in the case of clusters, inflorescences and genitals are five. Its fruit is fleshy (flat, round, oval and sliced) green when raw, red, purplish or yellow at maturity. The seeds are numerous, embedded in the fruit. The root is fringed with lateral roots. Fruit assumes contain protein, carbohydrate, calcium, beta carotin A, B, C and K vitamins, minerals. There are 12 types of tomato plants that grow naturally.
With no commercial significance than tomatoes in Turkey, commercially grown species of indeterminate tomatoes with cultured species bifsteyk indeterminate tomato, bonnibest, varieties grown as Ponderoza. Tree tomato grows in tropical America. The fruit of this 3-4 m tall tree, like a tomato, sweet and slightly bitter, is eaten fresh and canned. In addition, the Balkan wild tomato, Baltimore tomato are common famous varieties. Its production is done with seeds, the seedlings obtained are surprised when they have two leaves. It is then planted in gardens, fields and greenhouses. It is attached to poles when it grows tall, its variety (sandy soil, heavy soil) grows in the soil. Likes fertilized soil. Importance is attached to the last tomato greenhouse cultivation.